Glycolic acid is one of the most commonly used exfoliating acids in cosmetic products from the AHA group. It is the most famous and most effective, therefore in cosmetology or dermatology it has found the widest application. Its construction is very simple, so it easily and quickly penetrates into the deepest areas of the skin, which makes it an effective exfoliator-that is, an exfoliating component. If you want to find out more about it and see what effect you can get using glycolic acid on your skin - read the article and find out.
What is glycolic acid?
Glycolic acid is an exfoliating agent obtained from the juice of sugarcane. It has the smallest molecule of all AHA acids, therefore it shows the most effective action. It is dedicated to every type of skin. For dry and rough skins, it perfectly moisturizes and smoothes its surface. On the other hand, for oily skins with enlarged pores or acne scars - it will restore the proper pH, nourish and smooth out.
Glycolic acid - concentration and properties
Glycolic acid can be present in concentrations from 5% to up to 70%. The strength and mode of action depend on the application of the appropriate concentration. However, safe and dedicated to home care will have products with a concentration of 5% – 15%.
5% -15% are products that have a strong moisturizing, renewing and regenerating effect on the skin. Exfoliation occurs within the epidermis, namely its superficial stratum corneum. This phenomenon is virtually invisible to the naked eye.
20% - 35%, this concentration is dedicated to oily, acne-prone skin. Products containing 20% concentration of glycolic acid are not clean while moisturizing the skin. Has the effect of intensive surface peeling.
50% - 70%, such a high concentration is used in cosmetology or dermatological offices under the supervision of a qualified cosmetologist or doctor. High acid preparations show a strong exfoliation of the epidermis, after which may appear redness and irritation. The skin after the procedure is smoothed, regenerated and nourished.
Effects of treatment with products with glycolic acid
- flushing of wrinkles
- alignment and improvement of skin color
- lightening of discolouration and pigmentation spots
- thorough cleaning
- acceleration of cellular renewal
It should be borne in mind that when using glycolic acid preparations, there may also be a temporary deterioration of the skin condition, which is manifested by the so-called "rash".
What are the indications and contraindications for the use of glycolic acid?
- dry/oily skin
The use of acid preparations is safe, but it is also worth taking into account contraindications, since improper use of acid can be associated with severe irritation or damage to the skin.
Contraindications to the use of glycolic acid:
- pregnancy and breast-feeding
- skin allergies
- autoimmune diseases
- disruption of epidermal continuity
- currants (black, red and white)
- ongoing retinoid therapy
What are the available cosmetics with glycolic acid for face and body?
In our offer there are many preparations with glycolic acid. Depending on skin needs and preferences, we have a choice of different products containing this ingredient for each stage of care-cleansing preparations, peels, face creams, eye creams, and even body and hair care products. However, remember to properly plan your daily care so that it brings the best results.
- Cream and serum with glycolic acid
- Eye cream with glycolic acid
- Face cleansing-preparations containing glycolic acid eg. face toner
- Skincare products with glycolic acid to your body
Regular use of preparations with glycolic acid gives us very fast care effects. This component has a multidirectional effect, so it is not without reason very often recommended in daily care. However, it should be remembered to adjust the appropriate concentration to the problem of the complexion, so as not to damage the structure of the epidermis.