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If your hair is difficult to detangle, lacks shine and elasticity, it probably is dry. What are the causes of hair dryness? How to properly care for dry and brittle hair and what natural ingredients should be used to regain a healthy appearance of your hair.
The hair consists of a root (also known as a hair bulb) and a stem shaft. The stem, i.e. the part of the hair that protrudes above the scalp, consists of a sheath (outer layer), cortex (inner layer) and a core located in the very centre of the stem. The hair cuticle is made of keratinized keratin, which takes the form of overlapping tile-like scales. The scales form several layers; the spaces between them are filled with cellular cement. Cement contains ceramides, fatty acids and carbohydrates. Its main task is to prevent the evaporation of water from the inside of the hair. For a hair to look healthy, it must contain at least 10% water.
Dry hair has lost the right amount of water due to the lack of the lipid layer (cement). Dry hair is rough to the touch, prone to breaking and crumbling, with clearly split ends. They are matte, devoid of shine, and this is because the hair cuticles, instead of being tightly adjacent to each other, deviate, causing light scattering. A characteristic feature of dry hair is excessive absorption of water from the environment, and thus a tendency to "frizz" and change the hairstyle's shape.
To prevent excessive drying of the hair, you should first systematically (preferably after each washing) apply conditioners or masks. Significantly damaged hair requires acts containing high concentrations of conditioning ingredients. As the condition of your hair improves, you can replace the masks with conditioners of a lighter consistency.
The process of caring for dry hair begins with washing it. Wash your hair in lukewarm water, rinse thoroughly any shampoo residues, and gently squeeze any excess water into a towel, avoid rubbing your hair. A shampoo for dry and brittle hair should contain moisturizing ingredients and create a protective, smoothing layer on the hair fibre. Dry your hair with cool or slightly warm air; choose a gentle flow of air. The more damaged a hair is, the more water it will lose during drying.